finance management

Ways to Improve your Personal Finance

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All you need to know about building your personal finance.

According to Forbes, one of the most important things you can do to lead a happy and productive life is to develop some fundamental personal finance capabilities. Your life will be significantly influenced by how well you understand the basics of finance. In fact, it marks the line between wealth and poverty. Everything you need to know about personal finance and everything related to it is covered in this article.

What is personal finance?

According to Investopedia, Personal finance is a term that covers managing your money as well as saving and investing. It encompasses budgeting, banking, insurance, mortgages, investments, retirement planning, and tax and estate planning. The term often refers to the entire industry that provides financial services to individuals and households and advises them about financial and investment opportunities.

What area of personal finance you should know?

There are five areas of personal finances. Savings, investing, safeguarding, spending, and income are among them.


This is a stream of money coming in that is utilised to pay for various costs or to make investments. This could include hourly income, dividends, salaries, bonuses, and pensions. It is the initial step on everyone’s financial journey.


This refers to any money that is left over after expenses and revenue. You might choose to keep this for current costs or to invest in. The value of saving cannot be overstated. This is due to the fact that an urgent or emergency need could arise at any time, in which case your savings would be your best option.


Most individuals equate savings and investments as one and the same. The point is that they are distinctive. As we said previously, savings are the excess of your income over your spending. While investing entails using your money to buy assets like mutual funds, real estate, stocks, bonds, etc. with the hope of earning a return. Investing involves a great deal of risk. This is due to the fact that not every asset genuinely generates ROI.


You can choose from a variety of these items to protect yourself from unplanned or unexpected events. The insurance coverage falls within this category. Life and health insurance are popular insurance products.

Personal Finance Strategies?

Having financial goals is essential to give you a trajectory towards your personal goals, career path and serve as a guide for you, and your family to financial freedom, and security. The earlier you begin to set a financial plan, the better.

Here are a few tips on personal finance strategies.

Set a Budget

This involves living within your expenses, and saving enough towards your goals, and plans. The common strategy is the 50/30/20 rule. This means that 50% of your income should be centred towards your  living essentials, examples are: food, transportation, work requirements 30% to your lifestyle expenses and 20% towards savings for emergencies.

Plan for Rainy Days

It is good to save for rainy days. Having a budget for unexpected expenses, or setting funds for emergencies and unexpected events is very important. It is an important aspect of life and helps you stay prepared for anything.  

Reduce debt

According to a rule of thumb, don’t spend more than you earn. The instant this starts happening, debt is imminent. Although going into debt can be very helpful, this is only efficient  when you borrow to secure an asset with the expectation of a return.

One major reason many people cannot secure themselves financially is because of ignorance. Ignorance about what they should do and what they shouldn’t. Although, most times this might not be enough. But it is important that you understand the key components that you need to focus on when creating a road map for your personal finances.

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